Methodological Assessment Report on Scenarios and Models of Biodiversity and Ecosystem services
For sustainable development to succeed, we must move away from piecemeal decision-making about biodiversity and the benefits of nature to people. Science should be used to anticipate change – such as the loss of habitats, invasive alien species and climate shifts – to reduce the negative impacts on people and to help us make use of important opportunities.
The Scenarios and Models Assessment presents a best-practice ‘toolkit’ of the approaches that can be used to decide on policies and actions by Governments, the private sector and civil society. Different valuation methodologies are evaluated according to different visions, approaches and knowledge systems, as well as their policy-relevance, based on the diverse conceptualization of values of biodiversity and nature’s benefits to people, including provisioning, regulating and cultural services.
The Assessment will also catalyse the further development and use of tools and methodologies on these issues. The aim is that such policy support tools will help guide decision-making, by taking into account the multiple values of nature and its benefits.
The Plenary approved the Summary for Policymakers and accepted the chapters of the Assessment at its 4th session in February 2016 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (IPBES 4).
IPBES would like to acknowledge and thank all of the experts who contributed to the Assessment.
This Assessment is already guiding the use of methodologies in all IPBES work and has also made a significant global impact – for instance at the 13th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP13) in Mexico, in 2016, where the COP recognized the relevance of the Assessment for the 5th edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook and listed it among the best available scientific information. The COP also encouraged Parties, other Governments, relevant organizations, the scientific community, stakeholders, as well as indigenous peoples and local communities to develop and use these tools and to contribute to their further development.