Fish as food
Inland fish provide a nutrition and employment throughout many regions of the world, but are routinely undervalued and often not discussed when making decision about how to manage freshwater systems (Lynch 2016, 2017). Recent work suggests that replacing inland fish in the diet will have large ecological costs (Funge Smith and Bennett 2019). Recent work also suggests a key linkage between inland fish for food production and biodiversity (McIntyre et al. 2016). Any assessment of the intersection between biodiversity, water, food and energy, should have inland fish a major component of the discussion.
Funge Smith, S. and A. Bennett. 2019. A fresh look at inland fisheries and their role in food security and livelihoods. Fish and Fisheries. https://doi.org/10.1111/faf.12403
Lynch, A. J., Cooke, S. J., Deines, A. M., Bower, S. D., Bunnell, D. B., Cowx, I. G., … Beard, T. D. (2016). The social, economic, and environmental importance of inland fish and fisheries. Environmental Reviews, 24, 115– 121. https://doi.org/10.1139/er-2015-0064
Lynch, A. J., Cowx, I. G., Fluet‐Chouinard, E., Glaser, S. M., Phang, S. C., Beard, T. D., … Youn, S. (2017). Inland fisheries ‐ Invisible but integral to the UN Sustainable Development Agenda for ending poverty by 2030. Global Environmental Change, 47, 167– 173.
McIntyre, P. B., Liermann, C. A. R., & Revenga, C. (2016). Linking freshwater fishery management to global food security and biodiversity conservation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113, 12880– 12885. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1521540113