The definition and roles of stakeholders can be found in Annex II of decision IPBES/3/4.
Stakeholders act as both contributors to and end-users of IPBES.
IPBES Stakeholders are individual scientists and knowledge holders as well as institutions, organizations and groups working in the field of biodiversity and ecosystems services that can:
1. Contribute to the activities of the work programme through their experience, expertise, knowledge, data, information and capacity-building experience;
2. Use or benefit from the outcomes of the work programme;
3. Encourage and support the participation of scientists and knowledge holders in the work of IPBES.
Stakeholders are not entitled to observer status unless they are admitted as such according to the rules of procedure.