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Locally Managed Marine Area

Aim of the resource

Establishment of an LMMA enables communities to make decisions on which fishing methods and other activities can or cannot be carried out in their waters. Typically, a community also designates a portion of their marine area as a no-take zone where no fishing is allowed, providing additional protection and an increase of marine life in many cases.

Using the resource
Requirements for using the resource:
<p>An LMMA can vary widely in purpose and design; however, two aspects remain constant:</p>

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<li>A well-defined or designated area</li>
<li>Substantial involvement of communities and/or local governments in decision-making and implementation.</li>

Potential benefits from using the resource
In using an LMMA approach, some coastal communities are reviving traditional practices that have been used as part of their culture for many generations. Others are using more modern ideas introduced from outside. Some use a combination of both.
Sub/region where used:
Practical information
UN languages in which the resource is available:
Development stage:
Full, working product
Contact details
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A Locally Managed Marine Area (LMMA) is an area of nearshore waters and its associated coastal and marine resources that is largely or wholly managed at a local level by the coastal communities, land-owning groups, partner organizations, and/or collaborative government representatives who reside or are based in the immediate area. An LMMA differs from what is commonly known as a Marine Protected Area (MPA) in that LMMAs are characterized by local ownership, use and/or control, and in some areas follows the traditional tenure and management practices of the region, whereas MPAs in the formal sense are typically designated via a top-down approach with little if any local input.


Subregions covered