A Locally Managed Marine Area (LMMA) is an area of nearshore waters and its associated coastal and marine resources that is largely or wholly managed at a local level by the coastal communities, land-owning groups, partner organizations, and/or collaborative government representatives who reside or are based in the immediate area. An LMMA differs from what is commonly known as a Marine Protected Area (MPA) in that LMMAs are characterized by local ownership, use and/or control, and in some areas follows the traditional tenure and management practices of the region, whereas MPAs in the formal sense are typically designated via a top-down approach with little if any local input.

Aim of the resource: 

Establishment of an LMMA enables communities to make decisions on which fishing methods and other activities can or cannot be carried out in their waters. Typically, a community also designates a portion of their marine area as a no-take zone where no fishing is allowed, providing additional protection and an increase of marine life in many cases.

Sub/region where used: 
Practical information
UN languages in which the resource is available: 
Development stage: 
Full, working product
Contact details
Contact Name (Person or group/organization): 
Hugh Govan, LMMA Network