IPBES was established in 2012 by more than 100 governments, and its membership has continued to grow as IPBES' impact has increased.

Members

Who can become a member?
All States Members of the United Nations are eligible for IPBES membership.

Why become a member?
To strengthen knowledge foundations for better policy through science, for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, long-term human well-being and sustainable development.

How to become a member?
Should your Government wish to join IPBES, all that is required is for this intention to be officially communicated to the IPBES secretariat, by way of a formal letter, issued by or on behalf of the authority that would normally issue credentials for your national delegation to participate in a session of the IPBES Plenary, in other words by your Head of State or Government or minister for foreign affairs, consistent with your national policies and law.

Observers

All States Members of the United Nations that are not members of IPBES (listed as Observer States in the table below), conventions, multilateral organizations, United Nations bodies and specialized agencies and other organizations that have been approved as observers at the previous sessions. The list of Observer organisations is available here 

Members

134

Members by region (%)

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Flag Name Membership Status IPBES Regionsort ascending Membership date
Greece Member Western European and other States 18 Dec 2014
Israel Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Liechtenstein Observer State Western European and other States
Spain Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Italy Observer State Western European and other States
Luxembourg Member Western European and other States
San Marino Observer State Western European and other States
Australia Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Austria Member Western European and other States 13 Aug 2013
Sweden Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Holy See Observer State Western European and other States
Switzerland Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Netherlands Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Cyprus Observer State Western European and other States
United States of America Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Malta Observer State Western European and other States
New Zealand Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Portugal Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Finland Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
France Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Iceland Observer State Western European and other States
Canada Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Belgium Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Denmark Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Micronesia (Federated States of) Observer State Western European and other States
Germany Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Andorra Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Monaco Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Norway Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Ireland Member Western European and other States 24 Dec 2012
Saint Lucia Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Antigua and Barbuda Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Observer State Latin American and Caribbean States
Grenada Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Argentina Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
El Salvador Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Guatemala Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Jamaica Observer State Latin American and Caribbean States
Brazil Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Panama Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Costa Rica Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Paraguay Member Latin American and Caribbean States 05 Jan 2018
Guyana Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Suriname Observer State Latin American and Caribbean States
Peru Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Haiti Observer State Latin American and Caribbean States
Bahamas Observer State Latin American and Caribbean States
Cuba Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Honduras Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Barbados Observer State Latin American and Caribbean States
Uruguay Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Nicaragua Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Belize Observer State Latin American and Caribbean States
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Member Latin American and Caribbean States 14 Aug 2018
Mexico Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Chile Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Dominica Observer State Latin American and Caribbean States
Trinidad and Tobago Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Dominican Republic Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Saint Kitts and Nevis Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Colombia Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Ecuador Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Turkey Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Bosnia and Herzegovina Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Montenegro Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Turkmenistan Observer State Eastern European States
Lithuania Member Eastern European States
Armenia Member Eastern European States
Ukraine Observer State Eastern European States
Bulgaria Member Eastern European States 12 Jun 2017
Estonia Member Eastern European States 23 May 2016
Azerbaijan Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Croatia Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Serbia Observer State Eastern European States
Poland Observer State Eastern European States
Czech Republic Member Eastern European States 25 Aug 2014
Hungary Member Eastern European States 29 Nov 2012
Kyrgyzstan Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Belarus Member Eastern European States 28 Jul 2014
Uzbekistan Observer State Eastern European States
Slovakia Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Latvia Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Republic of Moldova Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Romania Member Eastern European States 06 Dec 2016
Slovenia Observer State Eastern European States
Albania Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Russian Federation Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Georgia Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
North Macedonia Observer State Eastern European States
Pakistan Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Palau Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Samoa Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Sri Lanka Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Tuvalu Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Cook Islands Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
State of Palestine Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Japan Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Brunei Darussalam Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Myanmar Member Asia-Pacific States 26 Nov 2019
Papua New Guinea Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Jordan Member Asia-Pacific States 17 May 2018
Saudi Arabia Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Kazakhstan Observer State Asia-Pacific States
United Arab Emirates Member Asia-Pacific States 12 Feb 2015
Malaysia Member Asia-Pacific States
Nauru Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Maldives Member Asia-Pacific States 17 Feb 2013
Nepal Member Asia-Pacific States
Philippines Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Kiribati Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Bahrain Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Syrian Arab Republic Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Kuwait Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Bangladesh Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Cambodia Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Fiji Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Tajikistan Member Asia-Pacific States 25 Nov 2013
Marshall Islands Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Democratic People's Republic of Korea Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Qatar Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Singapore Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Thailand Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Lao People's Democratic Republic Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Republic of Korea Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
India Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Afghanistan Member Asia-Pacific States 08 Dec 2014
Timor-Leste Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Vanuatu Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Indonesia Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Lebanon Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Niue Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Solomon Islands Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Iran (Islamic Republic of) Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Tonga Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Viet Nam Member Asia-Pacific States 27 Aug 2014
Iraq Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Bhutan Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Yemen Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
China Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Mongolia Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Oman Observer State Asia-Pacific States
South Sudan Observer State African States
Zimbabwe Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Comoros Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Egypt Member African States
Botswana Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Morocco Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Congo Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Mozambique Observer State African States
Equatorial Guinea Observer State African States
Guinea Observer State African States
Uganda Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Madagascar Member African States 10 Oct 2013
Eritrea Observer State African States
Sao Tome and Principe Observer State African States
Guinea Bissau Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Sudan Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Malawi Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Namibia Observer State African States
Côte d'Ivoire Member African States 22 Feb 2013
Burkina Faso Member African States
Eswatini Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Senegal Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Kenya Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Burundi Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Ethiopia Member African States 21 Apr 2012
United Republic of Tanzania Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Mali Member African States
Cabo Verde Observer State African States
Seychelles Observer State African States
Sierra Leone Member African States
Cameroon Member African States 20 Dec 2013
Mauritania Member African States
Niger Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Democratic Republic of the Congo Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Gabon Member African States 13 May 2013
Mauritius Observer State African States
Central African Republic Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Nigeria Member African States
Gambia (Republic of The) Observer State African States
Togo Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Chad Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Djibouti Observer State African States
Algeria Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Lesotho Observer State African States
Benin Member African States
Rwanda Observer State African States
Somalia Observer State African States
Liberia Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Ghana Member African States 21 Apr 2012
South Africa Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Angola Observer State African States
Tunisia Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Libya Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Zambia Member African States 25 Feb 2014
European Union Observer State 09 May 2018
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