IPBES was established in 2012 by more than 100 governments, and its membership has continued to grow as IPBES' impact has increased.

Members

Who can become a member?
All States Members of the United Nations are eligible for IPBES membership.

Why become a member?
To strengthen knowledge foundations for better policy through science, for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, long-term human well-being and sustainable development.

How to become a member?
Should your Government wish to join IPBES, all that is required is for this intention to be officially communicated to the IPBES secretariat, by way of a formal letter, issued by or on behalf of the authority that would normally issue credentials for your national delegation to participate in a session of the IPBES Plenary, in other words by your Head of State or Government or minister for foreign affairs, consistent with your national policies and law.

Observers

All States Members of the United Nations that are not members of IPBES (listed as Observer States in the table below), conventions, multilateral organizations, United Nations bodies and specialized agencies and other organizations that have been approved as observers at the previous sessions. The list of Observer organisations is available here 

Members

134

Members by region (%)

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Flag Name Membership Status IPBES Region Membership datesort descending
South Sudan Observer State African States
Liechtenstein Observer State Western European and other States
Egypt Member African States
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Observer State Latin American and Caribbean States
Grenada Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Italy Observer State Western European and other States
Turkmenistan Observer State Eastern European States
Lithuania Member Eastern European States
Palau Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Samoa Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Jamaica Observer State Latin American and Caribbean States
Armenia Member Eastern European States
Tuvalu Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Luxembourg Member Western European and other States
Mozambique Observer State African States
Equatorial Guinea Observer State African States
San Marino Observer State Western European and other States
Guinea Observer State African States
State of Palestine Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Brunei Darussalam Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Papua New Guinea Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Eritrea Observer State African States
Sao Tome and Principe Observer State African States
Ukraine Observer State Eastern European States
Namibia Observer State African States
Suriname Observer State Latin American and Caribbean States
Kazakhstan Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Malaysia Member Asia-Pacific States
Burkina Faso Member African States
Nauru Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Haiti Observer State Latin American and Caribbean States
Bahamas Observer State Latin American and Caribbean States
Nepal Member Asia-Pacific States
Serbia Observer State Eastern European States
Holy See Observer State Western European and other States
Kiribati Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Mali Member African States
Cabo Verde Observer State African States
Cyprus Observer State Western European and other States
Poland Observer State Eastern European States
Seychelles Observer State African States
Syrian Arab Republic Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Kuwait Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Malta Observer State Western European and other States
Sierra Leone Member African States
Barbados Observer State Latin American and Caribbean States
Marshall Islands Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Democratic People's Republic of Korea Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Qatar Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Singapore Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Iceland Observer State Western European and other States
Lao People's Democratic Republic Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Uzbekistan Observer State Eastern European States
Mauritania Member African States
Timor-Leste Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Vanuatu Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Mauritius Observer State African States
Nigeria Member African States
Gambia (Republic of The) Observer State African States
Slovenia Observer State Eastern European States
Lebanon Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Belize Observer State Latin American and Caribbean States
Niue Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Djibouti Observer State African States
Solomon Islands Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Tonga Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Lesotho Observer State African States
Benin Member African States
Micronesia (Federated States of) Observer State Western European and other States
North Macedonia Observer State Eastern European States
Dominica Observer State Latin American and Caribbean States
Rwanda Observer State African States
Somalia Observer State African States
Saint Kitts and Nevis Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Angola Observer State African States
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Member Latin American and Caribbean States
Mongolia Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Oman Observer State Asia-Pacific States
Saint Lucia Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Israel Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Antigua and Barbuda Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Turkey Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Bosnia and Herzegovina Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Zimbabwe Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Montenegro Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Comoros Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Pakistan Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Spain Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Argentina Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Botswana Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Morocco Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Congo Member African States 21 Apr 2012
El Salvador Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Guatemala Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Sri Lanka Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Brazil Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Cook Islands Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Panama Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Japan Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Australia Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Uganda Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Costa Rica Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Guinea Bissau Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Sudan Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Malawi Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Saudi Arabia Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Guyana Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Azerbaijan Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Croatia Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Peru Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Eswatini Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Senegal Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Sweden Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Kenya Member African States 21 Apr 2012
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Burundi Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Cuba Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Philippines Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Ethiopia Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Switzerland Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Bahrain Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
United Republic of Tanzania Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Netherlands Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Honduras Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Bangladesh Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
United States of America Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Cambodia Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
New Zealand Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Portugal Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Fiji Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Finland Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Kyrgyzstan Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Uruguay Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Nicaragua Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
France Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Thailand Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Canada Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Niger Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Democratic Republic of the Congo Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Republic of Korea Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Slovakia Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
India Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Latvia Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Belgium Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Central African Republic Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Denmark Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Republic of Moldova Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Indonesia Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Albania Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Togo Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Mexico Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Chad Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Russian Federation Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Georgia Member Eastern European States 21 Apr 2012
Iran (Islamic Republic of) Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Algeria Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Chile Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Germany Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Iraq Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Andorra Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Trinidad and Tobago Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Liberia Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Bhutan Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Yemen Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Monaco Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
China Member Asia-Pacific States 21 Apr 2012
Norway Member Western European and other States 21 Apr 2012
Dominican Republic Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Ghana Member African States 21 Apr 2012
South Africa Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Tunisia Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Libya Member African States 21 Apr 2012
Colombia Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Ecuador Member Latin American and Caribbean States 21 Apr 2012
Hungary Member Eastern European States 29 Nov 2012
Ireland Member Western European and other States 24 Dec 2012
Maldives Member Asia-Pacific States 17 Feb 2013
Côte d'Ivoire Member African States 22 Feb 2013
Gabon Member African States 13 May 2013
Austria Member Western European and other States 13 Aug 2013
Madagascar Member African States 10 Oct 2013
Tajikistan Member Asia-Pacific States 25 Nov 2013
Cameroon Member African States 20 Dec 2013
Zambia Member African States 25 Feb 2014
Belarus Member Eastern European States 28 Jul 2014
Czech Republic Member Eastern European States 25 Aug 2014
Viet Nam Member Asia-Pacific States 27 Aug 2014
Afghanistan Member Asia-Pacific States 08 Dec 2014
Greece Member Western European and other States 18 Dec 2014
United Arab Emirates Member Asia-Pacific States 12 Feb 2015
Estonia Member Eastern European States 23 May 2016
Romania Member Eastern European States 06 Dec 2016
Bulgaria Member Eastern European States 12 Jun 2017
Paraguay Member Latin American and Caribbean States 05 Jan 2018
European Union Observer State 09 May 2018
Jordan Member Asia-Pacific States 17 May 2018
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Member Latin American and Caribbean States 14 Aug 2018
Myanmar Member Asia-Pacific States 26 Nov 2019
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