ABT 19. Knowledge, science and technologies
By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied.
This resource discusses the role of “conservation triage”, a framework concerned with the allocation of scarce resources to maximize conservation effectiveness, in making decisions complicated by ecological and social values, climate change, and other management issues on United States National Wildlife Refuges (NWRs). The resource uses data derived from meetings and workshops with management professionals on coastal NWRs to examine professional perspectives and opportunities for improvement in scientific decision-making using social science techniques.
This resource provides a review of the scientific literature surrounding soil and water management as a climate change mitigation and adaptation strategy. The authors advocate for management practices that maximize agricultural productivity while minimizing environmental impacts to create a sustainable and secure food system for the future.
Informing Strategic Efforts to Expand and Connect Protected Areas Using a Model of Ecological Flow, with Application to the Western United States
This resource models current ecological linkages and terrestrial movement patterns to identify public yet unprotected lands in the western United States which may have high ecological value and strong connectivity with existing protected areas.
Economic and environmental implications of alternative landscape designs in the Walnut Creek Watershed of Iowa
This resource compares three landscape scenarios for a Midwestern agricultural watershed, with each proposed management strategy prioritizing one of three values: agricultural productivity, water quality, and biodiversity. The economic and environmental implications of each scenario are evaluated to determine the associated costs and benefits to the future of the region.
This resource provides background and guidance regarding the potential of sustainable biomass production to mitigate climate change and build an effective biofuel industry. The resource uses the example of the North American Great Plains to demonstrate how biomass production can have environmental, economic, and social benefits.
Designing Impact Assessments for Evaluating Ecological Effects of Agricultural Conservation Practices on Streams
This resource presents five guiding principles for designing standardized impact assessments that better evaluate the influence of agricultural practices on the health of aquatic ecosystems within a watershed.
Ecosystem resilience to disruptions linked to global climate change: An adaptive approach to federal land management
This article summarizes the potential impacts of climate change on natural lands and resources to inform ten recommendations on promoting ecosystem resilience through adaptive management. The author argues that existing laws and policies are not sufficient to adequately address the risk of climate change, and land management statues should be altered to better reflect the current state of the environment.
This resource explores successes and challenges that the Northwest Climate Science Center (CSC) has faced while supporting the co-production of actionable climate science to achieve regional and national goals.