By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied.

Global change and conservation triage on National Wildlife Refuges

This resource discusses the role of “conservation triage”, a framework concerned with the allocation of scarce resources to maximize conservation effectiveness, in making decisions complicated by ecological and social values, climate change, and other management issues on United States National Wildlife Refuges (NWRs). The resource uses data derived from meetings and workshops with management professionals on coastal NWRs to examine professional perspectives and opportunities for improvement in scientific decision-making using social science techniques.

Informing Strategic Efforts to Expand and Connect Protected Areas Using a Model of Ecological Flow, with Application to the Western United States

This resource models current ecological linkages and terrestrial movement patterns to identify public yet unprotected lands in the western United States which may have high ecological value and strong connectivity with existing protected areas.

Economic and environmental implications of alternative landscape designs in the Walnut Creek Watershed of Iowa

This resource compares three landscape scenarios for a Midwestern agricultural watershed, with each proposed management strategy prioritizing one of three values: agricultural productivity, water quality, and biodiversity. The economic and environmental implications of each scenario are evaluated to determine the associated costs and benefits to the future of the region.

A sustainable biomass industry for the North American Great Plains

This resource provides background and guidance regarding the potential of sustainable biomass production to mitigate climate change and build an effective biofuel industry. The resource uses the example of the North American Great Plains to demonstrate how biomass production can have environmental, economic, and social benefits.

Ecosystem resilience to disruptions linked to global climate change: An adaptive approach to federal land management

This article summarizes the potential impacts of climate change on natural lands and resources to inform ten recommendations on promoting ecosystem resilience through adaptive management. The author argues that existing laws and policies are not sufficient to adequately address the risk of climate change, and land management statues should be altered to better reflect the current state of the environment.